Porcelain glaze

Red glaze
Green glaze
Yellow glaze


Red glaze

  The emergence of red glaze can be traced back to the early years of Beisong. But the real pure, stable red glaze is bright red first fired at the early period of the Ming dynasty. Alum red using iron as color agent is first fired during the early years of Jiaqing. The bright red is high temperature colored glaze and the alum red is low temperature colored glaze.Red glaze has many different kinds. There are various kinds of different varieties evolved from different shades besides bright red. The deep ones include ruby red, vermilion, chicken blood red, skiny red, daub red and so on. The daub red with yellow is also called xingzishan and the daub red with light yellow is also called coral glaze. In addition, there is still reddish orange and dark iron-red. Usually, the light one is called pink, the one with grey is called cowpea red and the one with both grey and dark is called mouse skin. Carmine rough red is also one kind of pinks. The most gorgeous one among pink is called the beauty's flush.

Red glaze prunus vase (Qianlong)



Alum red

  Alum red is a kind of low temperature colored glaze using iron oxide as coloring agent and it is fired in the oxidizing atmosphere. Usually, its color and lustre takes on red just like orange. Alum red is first fired during the years of Jiaqing in the Ming dynasty. It has gained great improvement in terms of the firing technology of alum red down to the years of Kangxi in the Qing dynasty. Its color and lustre is bright, magnificent and dignified. Usually, it is used to draw designs in the "wucai", "doucai" and there is no single-colored ware. The color and lustre of alum red is not very good after the years of Jiaqing and there is no improvement until the years of Guangxu.



Rouge water

  Rouge water is also called "gold ruby". It is a kind of red iron oxide low temperature glaze introduced from the West during the years of Kangxi in the Qing dynasty. The glaze material containing the gold content of one ten-thousandth or two ten-thousandth are glazed on the egg shell ceramic white ware which has been fired. Then it is baked in the decoration furnace. The glaze juice is fine, smooth, even and its color is like rouge. Therefore, it is called "Rouge water". All of the rouge water glazed wares are produced in the official kiln. It begins in the years of Kangxi and flourishes in the years of Yongzheng and Qianlong.



Coral red

  Coral red is also a kind of low temperature iron-red glaze. It begins in the years of Kangxi and flourishes in the years of Yongzheng and Qianlong. The red glaze is first blown on the white glaze. It can compare favorably with natural coral because the color of the glaze is even and smooth after it is fired. Therefore, it is called "coral red". The color of the glaze is suffused with yellow during the years of Yongzheng, but not only is the color deep but also the glaze is thick during the years of Qianlong. The coral red was served as flush color during the years of Kangxi and Yongzheng. "wucai" and "famille rose were drew on it. The modeling, manufacturing and decoration of the wares are extremely fine. The liquid gold is often decorated on the coral red or it is used to decorate the ears of the ware during the years of Qianlong. But the coral red ware is still rare.



Shiny red

  Shiny red, a pure deep red glaze, is first fired at the later period of Kangxi. It characteristic is that the glaze juice is thick and there are a lot of tiny brown holes densely covered on the cover coat just like orange skin. Its color tone is deep red just like red rosy clouds in the clearly sky after rainstorm. Therefore, it is called "shiny red". The shiny red glaze flourishes in the years of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong. The material of the shiny red is coarse during the years of Kangxi. Consequently, its color and lustre is thick, solid and the color of the glaze is not even. Red takes on the penetration shape and the rim of the glaze is not uniform.
  Its color generation is stable down to the years of Yongzheng and Qianlong. It is suffused with black in red and there is orange skin design and brown holes on the cover coat. The rim of the glaze is uniform and red doesn't take on the penetration shape obviously.




Chun red glaze

Chun red glazeThe oxide of the copper is used as coloring agent at the Chun ware in the Song dynasty. Therefore, the copper red glaze fired at the reducing atmosphere is called chun red glaze. It is the earliest red glaze. Because the compounding of the glaze material is not fine, there are still oxides of the other metals mixed in it besides copper. Therefore, the color tone of the Jun red glaze is suffused with purple in red just like the fuchsia of rose and Chinese flowing crabapple. Therefore, it is also called "rose purple" and "Chinese flowing crabapple red". The color tone mixed by red, blue and purple is often found among the products of chun red glaze. It has gorgeous tableau just like fire or rosy clouds.

      The creation of the Jun red glaze opens a new state for the decoration of the pottery and porcelain. The emergence of the ruby red and shiny red in the Ming dynasty, Langyao red and peach-bloom glaze in the Qing dynasty and other "yaopien" glaze have bearing on the Jun red glaze.



Cowpea red

Cowpea red, namely copper red during the years of Kangxi in the Qing dynasty, is a kind of high temperature colored glaze which has many different color generation. It is one of the rare varieties of the glaze. The color of the glaze is pale red and there is a lot of green mottled moss on the cover coat. Originally, these green mottled moss are drawbacks in the technology of the firing. But, on the contrary, many green spots mixed with pale red appear quite, light, tastefully, soft and good-looking. It will give you a sense of beauty. The color generation is different after it is fired because the copper has different density in different parts. Some ones are suffused with deep red speckles in pure pink or red dots concentrate altogether, others are suffused with green speckles or color halo in pale red. Therefore, it is given a good reputation of "the green ones are like spring water and the red ones are like rosy clouds when the sun rises".

 Daub red

Daub red, one kind of coral reds, belongs to the low temperature red glaze. It is not glazed by the way of blowing glaze, but is glazed by brushing or daubing. Therefore, it is called "daub red". The glaze of daub red is not well distributed and there are bush marks on it. Its color and luster appears pure, beautiful and smooth. Daub red is produced at the Ming dynasty, but the development of daub red reach an acme during the years of Kangxi in the Qing dynasty.


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