of red glaze can be traced back to the early years
of Beisong. But the real pure, stable red glaze
is bright red first fired at the early period of
the Ming dynasty. Alum red using iron as color agent
is first fired during the early years of Jiaqing.
The bright red is high temperature colored glaze
and the alum red is low temperature colored glaze.Red
glaze has many different kinds. There are various
kinds of different varieties evolved from different
shades besides bright red. The deep ones include
ruby red, vermilion, chicken blood red, skiny red,
daub red and so on. The daub red with yellow is
also called xingzishan and the daub red with light
yellow is also called coral glaze. In addition,
there is still reddish orange and dark iron-red.
Usually, the light one is called pink, the one with
grey is called cowpea red and the one with both
grey and dark is called mouse skin. Carmine rough
red is also one kind of pinks. The most gorgeous
one among pink is called the beauty's flush.
glaze prunus vase (Qianlong)
red is a kind of low temperature colored glaze using
iron oxide as coloring agent and it is fired in
the oxidizing atmosphere. Usually, its color and
lustre takes on red just like orange. Alum red is
first fired during the years of Jiaqing in the Ming
dynasty. It has gained great improvement in terms
of the firing technology of alum red down to the
years of Kangxi in the Qing dynasty. Its color and
lustre is bright, magnificent and dignified. Usually,
it is used to draw designs in the "wucai",
"doucai" and there is no single-colored
ware. The color and lustre of alum red is not very
good after the years of Jiaqing and there is no
improvement until the years of Guangxu.
water is also called "gold ruby". It is
a kind of red iron oxide low temperature glaze introduced
from the West during the years of Kangxi in the
Qing dynasty. The glaze material containing the
gold content of one ten-thousandth or two ten-thousandth
are glazed on the egg shell ceramic white ware which
has been fired. Then it is baked in the decoration
furnace. The glaze juice is fine, smooth, even and
its color is like rouge. Therefore, it is called
"Rouge water". All of the rouge water
glazed wares are produced in the official kiln.
It begins in the years of Kangxi and flourishes
in the years of Yongzheng and Qianlong.
red is also a kind of low temperature iron-red glaze.
It begins in the years of Kangxi and flourishes
in the years of Yongzheng and Qianlong. The red
glaze is first blown on the white glaze. It can
compare favorably with natural coral because the
color of the glaze is even and smooth after it is
fired. Therefore, it is called "coral red".
The color of the glaze is suffused with yellow during
the years of Yongzheng, but not only is the color
deep but also the glaze is thick during the years
of Qianlong. The coral red was served as flush color
during the years of Kangxi and Yongzheng. "wucai"
and "famille rose were drew on it. The modeling,
manufacturing and decoration of the wares are extremely
fine. The liquid gold is often decorated on the
coral red or it is used to decorate the ears of
the ware during the years of Qianlong. But the coral
red ware is still rare.
red, a pure deep red glaze, is first fired at the
later period of Kangxi. It characteristic is that
the glaze juice is thick and there are a lot of
tiny brown holes densely covered on the cover coat
just like orange skin. Its color tone is deep red
just like red rosy clouds in the clearly sky after
rainstorm. Therefore, it is called "shiny red".
The shiny red glaze flourishes in the years of Kangxi,
Yongzheng and Qianlong. The material of the shiny
red is coarse during the years of Kangxi. Consequently,
its color and lustre is thick, solid and the color
of the glaze is not even. Red takes on the penetration
shape and the rim of the glaze is not uniform.
Its color generation is stable down to the years
of Yongzheng and Qianlong. It is suffused with black
in red and there is orange skin design and brown
holes on the cover coat. The rim of the glaze is
uniform and red doesn't take on the penetration
Chun red glazeThe
oxide of the copper is used as coloring agent at
the Chun ware in the Song dynasty. Therefore, the
copper red glaze fired at the reducing atmosphere
is called chun red glaze. It is the earliest red
glaze. Because the compounding of the glaze material
is not fine, there are still oxides of the other
metals mixed in it besides copper. Therefore, the
color tone of the Jun red glaze is suffused with
purple in red just like the fuchsia of rose and
Chinese flowing crabapple. Therefore, it is also
called "rose purple" and "Chinese
flowing crabapple red". The color tone mixed
by red, blue and purple is often found among the
products of chun red glaze. It has gorgeous tableau
just like fire or rosy clouds.
creation of the Jun red glaze opens a new state
for the decoration of the pottery and porcelain.
The emergence of the ruby red and shiny red in the
Ming dynasty, Langyao red and peach-bloom glaze
in the Qing dynasty and other "yaopien"
glaze have bearing on the Jun red glaze.
red, namely copper red during the years of Kangxi
in the Qing dynasty, is a kind of high temperature
colored glaze which has many different color generation.
It is one of the rare varieties of the glaze. The
color of the glaze is pale red and there is a lot
of green mottled moss on the cover coat. Originally,
these green mottled moss are drawbacks in the technology
of the firing. But, on the contrary, many green
spots mixed with pale red appear quite, light, tastefully,
soft and good-looking. It will give you a sense
of beauty. The color generation is different after
it is fired because the copper has different density
in different parts. Some ones are suffused with
deep red speckles in pure pink or red dots concentrate
altogether, others are suffused with green speckles
or color halo in pale red. Therefore, it is given
a good reputation of "the green ones are like
spring water and the red ones are like rosy clouds
when the sun rises".
red, one kind of coral reds, belongs to the low
temperature red glaze. It is not glazed by the way
of blowing glaze, but is glazed by brushing or daubing.
Therefore, it is called "daub red". The
glaze of daub red is not well distributed and there
are bush marks on it. Its color and luster appears
pure, beautiful and smooth. Daub red is produced
at the Ming dynasty, but the development of daub
red reach an acme during the years of Kangxi in
the Qing dynasty.