Originally, "Qinggong" means the elegant offerings. Being called it with an elegant name because most of the literati cherish study appliance.
  Water bowl is the fifth treasure in addition to writing brush, ink stick, ink slab and paper, and ancient Chinese scholars put them on desks for practical use as well as artistic appreciation. Water bowl is actually a kind of water vessel containing water for use of making fluid ink from ink stick, and it was a necessary tool in Chinese studying rooms.
  "Lvyuantang Antique Shop" neighboring water, located in Jinxi Town in Jiangsu Province, is a three-floored traditional Chinese building. The water bowl museum located in the third floor should be highly praised. According to years, the water bowls are made by different craftsmen from the Qin dynasty, the Northern Wei State, the Western Jin Dynasty, the Tang dynasty, the Song dynasty, the Yuan dynasty, the Ming dynasty, the Qing dynasty and so on. According to the material, the water bowl are divided into copper, iron, porcelain, jade, ivory, carnelian, crystal, the root of bamboo, peculiar stone and so on. Among them, a black ceramic water bowl inside which caves posy and coarse flower design especially catch people's eyes. Watching from the appearance, it is like a "Jue" glass. The water bowl made before 2200 years
has already possessed high artistic level because ceramic industry sprang up not very long and there was not the conception about "study appliance".
  With the development of the society, the manufacturing of water bowl has also been improved gradually in terms of both modeling and technique. For examples, there is a water bowl in the shape of tymbal made at the years of Western Jin dynasty in the revelation cabinet. Its wave design is carved elaborately as if you hear the sound of the great waves. Another one is a water bowl in the shape of fish (porcelain body) made at the period of the northern Wei State. Its appearance is like the wooden fish used in the temples. It embodies a kind of moving feeling although its body is empty. Both of them are rare masterwork. In addition, there is still a "sancai" water bowl made at the Tang dynasty.It has not
only unique modeling but also elegant color of glaze. The elaborate products are seldom seen indeed. The modeling of water bowl is constantly innovated after the Tang dynasty. For instances, both the water bowl in the shape of kettle made at the Ming dynasty and the ones in the shape of arhat are unique in style. The former one is surrounded by some small vases which can be used to fill with flowers. An arhat statue is put in the later one. There is still another water bowl in the shape of hoptoad at the shop. It has a moral that people who use it will succeed in a government examination. The manufacturing of water bowl has reached a prime down to the Qing dynasty. The ceramic craftsmen nearby Wuxi and Jiangsu adopted furnace transmutation technology to fire porcelain at that time. Both the tea powder water bowl and the water bowl in the shape of chun red glaze dog made at years of Kangxi belong to furnace transmutation products. The modelling of the former one is elegant and the color of the glaze is smooth and tender. The furnace transmutation part of the later one is only the leg part of dog. It is wonderful artical excelling nature. In addition, the modeling of the eel back water bowl made at the years of Qianlong, the redware cowboy water bowl made at the years of Jiaqing and the bamboo root carving water bowl are all truth to life. There is still a pair of jewelry glaze and tiger skin glazed water bowl which can be called treasure in the shop. Both of them are from Ge Mingxiang and Ge Yuanxiang living at the years of Qianlong. Both of them were famous ceramists at that time. The ceramic body made by them is not only dense but also glazed by deep black or deep blue glaze. The luster becomes uneven after furnace transmutation. It becomes strong from the top to the bottom gradually. Because their way is similar to Ou Ziming, a famous ceramist in the Ming dynasty, their works often take on the color among grey, black, blue, green and so on.
  Wondering around the private museum, I could learn the complete history of water bowl manufacturing. If you face a world of different water bowls, will you try to think about the lifestyle of ancient intellectuals and their tastes?




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